Yogyakarta (ANTARA Jogja) – Faculty of Agriculture, University of Gadjah Mada (UGM) in Yogyakarta Taryono reveals the potential of biomass energy from sugarcane is quite large, reaching 400 tons per hectare per year.
“One of the essential properties of sugar cane is the ability to commercially produce biomass exceeding 100 tonnes per hectare per year,” said Taryono who is also Chairman of the Department of Agriculture, Faculty of Pertaian Universitas Gadjah Mada (UGM) in the “Workshop on the Use of Bagasse as a source of Biomass Energy “at the Auditorium of the Faculty of Agriculture UGM, Wednesday.
Even the sugar cane biomass yield potential can reach up to 400 tonnes per hectare per year. Biomass energy is a type of fuel made by converting biological materials such as plants.
Taryono said the cane is one of the important food crop for its growth capability.
On the contrary, he said, the processing of sugar cane is a process that requires a lot of energy because large amounts of energy required to evaporate the water from the sap.
He said around 87 percent of the energy used in the processing of sugar cane comes from bagasse, the leftover fibers after the sap is taken through a breakdown and extortion.
“Bagas roughly comprised of 36 percent cellulose I, 28 percent cellulose II, 20 percent lignin, 13 percent other organic compounds and 2 percent ash,” he explained.
Furthermore, he said, bagasse is the main fuel used in the sugar cane industry in the world.
According to him, a ton of bagasse with 50 percent of the water produced energy equivalent to 1.6 barrels of fuel oil.
He added that almost all the bagasse produced by the sugar mills used up to the plant’s energy source and it is known that sugarcane bagasse has a very high energy content.
In essence, added Taryono, bagasse is a fuel source that is reasonably efficient plant origin and use in sugar mills efficiently will lead to a sugar factory in general can be self-sufficient in energy.
“Therefore, the availability of bagasse nationally should be increased,” said Taryono.
Editor: Luqman Hakim